Ron Paul Compendium of Facts (a work in progress)

Transcript of George Webb Video Series Part 302 "Hillary's Leakers, Hackers, and Henchmen" [@Georgwebb / #HRCRatline]

  • Day 163.3. Old Guard vs New Guard at Tewksbury, MA - YouTube
    • Day 163 this is part 3
    • And it's too cold outside, so I have to do this inside
    • Here with Task Force, here with Deep Milwaukee
    • And we're just talking about this Frank enzyme Bradley right now
    • And we're trying to see if that's the same person that was in the global Intelligence files there WikiLeaks in 2012
    • And if people don't remember those leaks, they came out, and there are several embarrassing leaks about numerous companies around the world
    • Now, what I put forward to the group was that these were targets
    • These were Andrew McCabe type targets
    • The way infiltration works is you put your person in--kind of like Amy Dacey at Sony--you put your person in right below them, and then you come out with some thing about Amy Dacey telling--Obama jokes--that are off-color and get her fired
    • And then your person goes up, and then becomes a Sony director
    • That is Andrew McCabe's MO throughout his whole career
    • So that's why I say that's probably what he was doing with the Global Intelligence Files
    • I know it's an FBI operation because it was this guy named Sabu who was the handler, who was running around recruiting people to to hack the Global Intelligence files at Stratfor
    • Now, that's the deniability: they're not really hacking, but they say if they get caught oh it's that 20 year old guy that got--recruited by that 30 year old guy, not this team of hackers
    • So having said that the Task Force did a lot of research on this on this Bradley guy
    • And this ENSYM company that's mentioned prominently
    • Now, it's it's not enzyme with a Z it's enzyme turn the Z around to an S
    • And I think its SYMA
    • TF: YMA
    • I think it's actually [ENSYMA (ENSYMA ENGINEERING)] yeah
    • Now, give me some of the background on this guy he's he's a graduate at George Washington
    • TF: yeah master's degree George Washington in public administration
    • G: Well his business is in he worked for CERN
    • TF: a DoD gun license in Texas
    • G: He said he worked for a secret Intelligence agency
    • TF: Yes Secret Government company
    • And I'm gonna guess that's gonna be like a DynCorp or Leidos or Conceras or something like that
    • TF: And he said that he was working on viruses--admitted to that, but he will not go into the details of that
    • G: And his wife has a company called Global Logistics
    • So is she running stuff all around the world to CERN, like Californium, as well as bioweapons?
    • It's kind of although the whole ratline thing that we've been talking about through the whole series, potentially
    • TF: Right, [google redacted] AND HIS WIFE WAS A PART OF THE AIR FORCE NATIONAL GUARD AND SHE HAS A LOGISTICAL BACKGROUND, [/google redacted] she has a degree from Harvard, she does a lot of it a lot of Education behind her, a lot of different companies that she's involved in, a lot of logistics, it's kind of similar stuff that we've seen many many times
    • G: Throughout the whole seriously
    • So--this and the reason why I say Tewksbury, Massachusetts it could be that that's a wink
    • If you have this new guard an old guard--the whole War of the Roses in England was new guarda nd old guard
    • Richard the third, I always think of as Dick Cheney, you know, "Now, as winter of our discontent, made ready by the summer of York"
    • If that's the old guard, if Cheney--Bush all those guys Rumsfeld, and then on the left side Podesta and Manafort etc are the old guard,
    • The new guard could be--Pompeo, Mattis, Dunford, potentially Kelly, potentially the DIA guys like Flynn and Tony Shaffer are the new guard
    • If you wanted to really embarrass the old guard, and say, "hey we know your tricks. By the way, this guy was an expert (or not an expert)...But he was carrying around a lot of Blackberry enterprise servers as well as BlackBerries. Is he the replacement for Imran Awan, for secure encrypted communications?"
    • Again, anytime I see that it's kind of like, "well why do you have a burner phone--why do you have 18 burner phones in your backseat?", sir? --That kind of thing
    • It's kind of another signature, that says, "hey this person could be involved in illegal activity"
    • The best way for the old guard to catch the new guard to embarrass the old guard is to catch them in a city about ready to do something--
    • The Boston Marathon is coming up on the 17th in Boston: is this another repeat of the Boston Marathon?
    • Remember Graham Fuller yeah I did the Gladio plan Gladio B, now, is this Gladio C
    • Again, the Clockwork Orange thing--let's let's make a lot of terrorist incidents to get funding and keep our power--is that what's happening?
    • And the fact it's in Tewksbury was one of the key battles of that War of the Roses, where the new guard won and made our current Queen
    • So any last thoughts on?
    • TF: the only other thought was he called the police saying that he thought someone was breaking into his room at the hotel--they had guns in this hotel, which makes absolutely no sense to me if you have a--a storage full of AR-15s and weapons and gas masks and stuff like that, you call the police on yourself
    • TF: Especially if you're part of some secret Government program
    • G: Unless the new guard was trying to embarrass you
    • TF: Right, or the new guard made the call
    • G: the new guard made the call that was embarrassing you
    • {{ 911: just an observation: Maybe Agent Pettiworth et al thought YOU and Jason were part of the new guard and not just concerned citizens? }}
    • {{ 911: youtube is very incapable of transcribing TF, its annoying as f }}
    • TF: They said [that/not?] for the police to go into the house. It was coming out in the paper is that he made the phone call and that seems kind of ridiculous to me. Maybe the new guard made the phone call
    • G: Unless he had a remote camera, where he could see people going in to
    • TF: even then he would go back himself. I mean you wouldn't call the local cops
    • G: Right. So it looks like maybe that may be Andy's coming in to cover for him or something
    • But it looks like it we could have averted something happening
    • I think of Claude D'estre every time I think of the Boston Marathon
    • And [thinking] "Claude you would look at awful lot like that guy who was six feet away from the bomb, and is this another Colorado CIA School of Mines operation?"
    • So we'll see we'll see what happens
    • But I think people are going to connect the dots on this one
    • And certainly there's a very active Q, would you say Deep Milwaukee?
    • There's a an active Q discussion on this right now?
    • DM: Not Q but the anons
    • G: Ok not Q but the Anons
    • So there you have it
  • Day 164.4. SAIC’s Sam Visner Did NSA, MdA, and MITRE - YouTube
    • It's day 164 part 4
    • So here is where I met Deep Florida, this boarding officer for the Coast Guard the other night
    • He kind of confirmed the things that we had said about maritime data awareness packages
    • And how that they could call off interdiction people like The Stzroks family in Corpus Christi, or The Strokes family in San Diego can say at the Coast Guard level uh-uh from DIA can send a message down saying
    • No interdiction guide that boat to the target or I could bring a yacht into Port of Miami or port of Jacksonville or Port of Tampa or all the way up and down the coast--Charleston, South Carolina, Virginia Beach, all the Navy ports all the way up to where Joe Crowley is with his Wackenhut boat
    • So that's good
    • I want to talk to Deep Florida again, and we probably need to talk to him more, because that's real on the line, on the front lines Intelligence, where he was--seeing these same drug dealers over and over and over again at the 24 mile marker, and the nautical mile marker
    • The other thing about the first story we did today which was Bill Binney
    • It kind of dovetailed into that because SAIC, is the one who wrote the maritime data awareness package for all this
    • SAIC is also the company that wrote trailblazer, the program that took the place of thinthread--Bill Benny's thinthread
    • And the guy who bought it is a guy by the name of well there was one guy by the name of Ben Black, who was SAIC
    • And then he hired a guy named Sam VISNER who was also SAIC
    • So a lot of these NSA guys end up being SAIC guys
    • And that's the revolving door as far as the Navy's concerned
    • And you might have seen us cover that when we went up to Laurel racetrack
    • We talked to all the SAIC guys ex-Admirals who were--parlaying their horses around the Laurel Park
    • The second story we did today on Frank Bradley, Frank enzyme Bradley, was also interesting because he's in these global Intelligence files of the WikiLeaks
    • And I looked at the files there's 29 of them
    • And they're mostly spreadsheets
    • And there's it's kind of the same kind of audit coded spreadsheet
    • It goes from 2004 to 2011 there's 29 spreadsheets
    • And his emails in there
    • And it's for like 1995 a month
    • And there's all these Army guys
    • So that unlike--Bill Binney, and the Navy, and SAIC, and NSA
    • This was the second story we did today which is Frank enzyme Bradley, with the Bradley Fighting Vehicle right, turns out its Army--is that a fake name, because he's Army
    • And he's dispersing Army--gas masks and flashbang grenades and all sorts of things to JTTF units all over the country to these dog teams that that we've got?
    • Who knows--we don't know that
    • But it is interesting he is in this kind of list
    • And does that list get compromised in 2011?
    • ...And that's why the Fusion GPS is created?
    • Still, we don't know the answer to that either
    • But meeting you had another whistleblower here, so we're gonna stay in Milwaukee a little bit longer
  • Day 164.6 Meet Leah Vukmir - Next Senator From Wisconsin - YouTube
    • It's day 164 I think this is six
    • So we met the Senate candidate here that's going up against Tammy Baldwin
    • I wanted to--make a political statement, helping Paul Nealon against Paul Ryan here
    • Now, he lost by 50 points
    • So--Paul Ryan's gonna win
    • But it's probably more important that Leah Vukmir win as the candidate in the Senate seat, because the weight Wisconsin's organized is they have one Republican Senator and they have one Democratic Senator
    • Ron Johnson, as you probably know as the Republican Senator, he's in the Intelligence Committee...and been a good supporter of transparency
    • And then there of course is Johnson Wax in Milwaukee
    • And then there's Johnson Controls in Milwaukee the--the building controls
    • And then there's also Johnson & Johnson and Racine
    • So there's a lot of Johnson's going on here--I'm gonna stay away from that {{LOL}}
    • But Tammy Baldwin the Democrat is coming up for reelection
    • And the III I talked to her quite a bit
    • Leah is a very nice person, and she gave me about a half an hour of her time
    • And what I like about her she's a nurse
    • So she's got--she's just a nurse who wants to do the right thing
    • But she's very involved with manufacturing
    • And very involved with the police unions, the fire unions, the emergency services, all the people that are first responders
    • So I really wanted to give a strong statement of support
    • And again, a candidate that comes out says "hey I saw you, I want to come out, I want to meet you I want to introduce myself"
    • And I think these are the important people
    • She said I wasn't on the Trump train at first--she's a big Scott Walker person
    • She was part of that whole kind of hey you can't hold the--Government and the people, SEIU, you can't hold everybody hostage
    • But she said hey as as I got to know Trump better I got on the Trump train, and I'm a really strong Trump supporter
    • Again, I think Trump of I sat with all slew of of Trump supporters
    • Democrat and Republican tonight
    • And the key thing I keep hearing is: he's a businessman. He wants to bring jobs back to Wisconsin, and Michigan, and Ohio, I'm from Ohio--Indiana, I'm from Indiana
    • I want they want to bring jobs back I don't care if it's Mugwump or whatever, your party is, Trump wants to bring jobs back
    • So I want to support her I want to tweet her out
    • Again, it's Leah VUKMIR V U K M I R
    • And I think it's just a strong candidate
    • I think it's it's a person who it didn't necessarily doesn't have Paul Neilins background in manufacturing
    • But she know she's making an active effort--she's been in 66 of the 72 counties
    • And I just wanted to make a strong statement, because I just believe that she comes out, everyone I introduced her to tonight she's listened to and interacted with and listened
    • And as is kind of a person of the people
    • So I don't normally do political things
    • But this is a candidate I felt very strongly about, and her platform
    • And she needs to of course when the primary--it's a late primary here in Wisconsin--it's an April primary
    • So it's important that we do a lot of meet and greets
    • And a lot of fundraisers early to make sure that these kind of candidates get a chance to win in November against a kind of a very globalist
    • And I hate the word 'globalist'
    • I like the word 'carpetbagger' -- I've seen the destruction of towns in my hometown in Fort Wayne Indiana International Harvester plant left when I was in--teenager
    • And I've seen the destruction in Ohio, firsthand
    • And I've seen the destruction in Michigan
    • So I'm not as familiar with Wisconsin
    • But--you got Harley Davison
    • And we had this trade discussion--let's just take all the names
    • And brand names out of it
    • If it was Brand X over here
    • And that's your trade representative
    • And brand Y over there take China out of it take take the U.S. out of it
    • If your guy came back, and said hey I got a great deal we pay 35% tariff over there
    • And we get 1.2 percent tariff on their stuff coming--isn't that a great deal?
    • Everyone would say you're no longer our trade representative--get out
    • That's what we have right now,
    • And I think it's a hundred percent tariff on harley-davidson products in in Japan
    • And at least to 35% in China--I'd like to check those facts
    • So anyway lots of trade discussions
    • I know everybody's watching Final Four, but I just wanted to throw that out that we have a US Senate can adhere tonight that came out to me, and she wanted to tell her story, so there you have it
  • Day 165.1. The Good America - Binney, Wormwood - Olson Part 1 - YouTube
    • It's day 165
    • And this is part one Happy Easter everyone
    • Still bloody cold here somebody from Tewksbury--Gloucester, actually--about five miles from Tewksbury
    • Said they reenact the Battle of Tewkesbury every year
    • So I thought that was interesting
    • So maybe we'll reenact the old guard and the new guard with the Tony Schaefer and the Cyber Command boys
    • I expect Tony Schaefer to be getting a position with the Trump administration here pretty quickly in the Intelligence area
    • And maybe these Army guys--these Army Intel guys will push through a split with NSA and the Navy Intel guys
    • So we'll have a check on the Navy Intel boys
    • So anyway that's Tewksbury
    • So that's this battle reenactment they have in Tewksbury, where this guy was caught with these enzymes Frank enzyme Bradley
    • Riding around and his Bradley Fighting Vehicle throwing out bill swing enzymes on the population flu and flu viruses on the population it
    • Was he doing that? Who knows
    • But we can go look to Tewksbury now, every year to reenact our battle between this Navy
    • And Intel Command
    • And these new Army cyber boys that's that battle is developing one two great documentaries out
    • And it almost tells our story in terms of what a format of this story might look like
    • One is the "Good American", which tells a Bill Binney story about how he had Thinthread how this guy named a SAM Visner came in said oh my gosh this is great we're gonna do trailblazer instead collected all
    • Then when 9/11 happens, Sam Visner is the guy who says, "this is a cow we can milk for 15 years at SAIC"
    • So he leaves NSA, the Sam Visner, and goes to SAIC
    • And these are direct quotes--that this is the--opportunity of a lifetime
    • That same Sam visitor is in this Q discussion now, with this MITRE group in this this Highland Forum in this kind of public-private, pay-to-play partnerships
    • So, interesting to follow these things "full flight of the arrow" as I call that, all the way from 9/11 pre 9/11 all the way till now,
    • Sam Visner still doing--and SAIC--does the maritime data awareness program, said that ZIPZORP was talking about SAIC
    • SAIC formulates themselves with a new name called LEIDOS it's kind of a shuffle giving us a little "lead" LEIDOS shuffle--it's still SAIC, psst STILL SAIC
    • So a little Leidos shuffle there
    • So anyway the good American talks about how 9/11 could have been avoided with Bill Benny's Thinthread
    • And a lot of the folks I've talked to Diane Roark at length
    • I've talked to Curt Wiebe
    • And interacted with him on Twitter talked with Bill Binney
    • So a lot of the people in the series I recognized
    • And I've never never talked to a Thomas Drake, though, Tom Drake
    • But I would like to
    • But I think it's a great series to watch for the first part of our series, before the Awans got involved which is surveillance
    • And the misuse of surveillance
    • And maybe the Awan's are a part of that too, because you use a third-party Intelligence service like PAC ISI to have deniability on surveillance
    • But then there's a second part, which is not just surveillance, but now disruption we're actually gonna go out and try to make you--your life miserable
    • And that's really the second documentary
    • And it's a six-part 40-minute a shot documentary called Wormwood
    • But it is the dirty tricks part of the CIA, getting rid of you once you become a problem, once you start saying hey this isn't good
    • And we're using these truth serums and scopolamine to do--parties it--late at night in Montreal with--our good doctor up there, Dr. Gottlieb, where we did a series at the <
  • Day 165.2. Wormwood Part 2 - Bill Swing’s Ft Derrick - YouTube
    • This is part 2 of day 165
    • And this is following up on wormwood
    • Great movie, because it it's kind of also William Kobe versus Sy Hersh in terms of getting the story about out about Frank Frank Olson
    • This guy who was worked at MKULTRA, Sidney Gottlieb, at the McGill University in Montreal where we were in this series
    • So a lot of the places
    • And things that we've mentioned the series Fort Detrick and the bio weapons program in Maryland...are you go around to these different places and it connects all the dots in a long format, which is really nice
    • And here's Sy Hersh at the end saying, "hey this story's too big for me"
    • And we're we heard that before I feel like he was just recording our ending, and just said well let's just slap it on the end of this documentary
    • But anyway you'll see Sy Hersh say this is story's too big for me at the end, in that in that story
    • But this guy Frank Enzyme Bradley--being caught: was that just so they could double down the amount of spending on the Boston Marathon on the 17th?
    • So was that kind of an inside job the old guard kind of their little clockwork orange' Games?
    • Fear
    • Or was it the new guard was it kind of the new US Cyber Command--kids was with with Flynn and Tony Shafer who I expect to be named to position Intelligence position with Trump here pretty quick?
    • Was it this new split?
    • This new separation of powers were gonna have between the Army guys--the US Cyber Command, and the Navy guys that the NSA?
    • Who knows? We'll see what happens
    • But it was interesting tie into this guy who was at the CDC, who went disappearing
    • Is that why all these flu viruses are being disseminated in these different places?
    • Who knows
    • And also we have the NRA event coming up in March May 3rd 4th and 5th
    • Did Krylova and Bogacheva go to that before? Yes of course they did
    • That was in Dallas this year
    • But where was it before?
    • Where where was Ted Cruz? Where with all those events?
    • We still don't know--none of that's come out
    • And one of the other things I've noticed about the Q phenomenon is I much I have a much greater understanding of how unknowns with Q and being on boards
    • And talking with all these people last night that follow Q
    • And the creation of these memes
    • And I think that's something that our series needs to do is create memes from the series
    • And so I'm gonna continue to create these playlists
    • So that people can go through
    • And say here's all the Navy Intel--from beginning to end in the whole series
    • And then create a Navy Intel meme with the old ones because I think the ones are extension of Navy Intel
    • And then do the same thing for the other significant memes in the in the series
    • So even though Q took a lot of my viewers away
    • And a lot of my researchers away, in a way it's good, because they show you a more effective way of doing open sourcing, creating these memes...
    • So I look forward to a good day of reporting
    • We won't say where all the places we're going, but have a happy easter everyone
  • Day 165.3. Preview of Andre Taggart Reveal - NNSA - YouTube
    • OK It's day 165 and this is part three
    • And this is sort of a sneak peak to the solution to the whole series
    • And I've said before we're kind of going from a pay-to-play world where things were doing below the table
    • And I the three initials there are MBZ the crown prince of Abu Dhabi
    • And sort of Hillary Clinton moving into the Trump world which is MBS, which is above the board--crown prince of Saudi Arabia or just do everything aboveboard
    • And the people who are doing the below the board business are pissed
    • So this series really has been looking at how that below the board business was done
    • So collecting metadata on how that was done--David Petraeus--the create the creation of this rogue NSA which is NNSA
    • Which is Not so Nice NSA
    • Basically created a Uranium cover for the last 20 years
    • And everything basically below that was this weapons for drugs or weapons for minerals or weapons for human resources kind of business
    • And that's the story of the last 20 years in Hillary Clinton and the whole crew,
    • And Navy Intel and her kind of unholy creation of this alliance with with NCIS or or this just rotten core inside a Navy Intel
    • So I just created a list about Navy Intel if you want to review the Navy Intel list if you haven't been following this series
    • But basically you have to find the server: where are they doing this?
    • You have to physically find it
    • So we go to Washington DC we we find--we collect a lot of metadata
    • We find the Lorton address where all this business is being conducted
    • Now, I do I think that's the real address?
    • No, that's the parallel construction if they ever get caught
    • They say there's deniability--it's just a just a group of people that are doing--find a bank fraud there's a small deal--it's not a big deal
    • The real action is at the Navy Yard
    • And that building 213 an old DIA building which was called a Threat Analysis Center
    • And this we've said this in the series for almost a year
    • So this isn't any surprise to anyone
    • The part I'm gonna let out today is I knew Taggart was a fake from the beginning
    • And I knew Tane Taggart was a fake from the beginning
    • I knew that I mean they weren't--just renting the property
    • But there was a reason why I had to go with that deception, because you let people who are in the business
    • (And they're just doing their jobs, right?)
    • You let people who are doing the business let the let the charade play out let the school play play out because you get valuable data although all along the way
    • I had to make Taggart the hero in order so other people would come forward and so he would continue talking
    • That was the key part
    • Keep giving us more metadata
    • It's too bad we couldn't have had a couple of more interviews with Taggart a couple of more interviews with Laurel Everly
    • All the people that are kind of either knowingly or unknowingly involved
    • An Tane Taggart would have been a good interview
    • Jacquayla would have been a good interview
    • But that's fine we still solve a puzzle now
    • Which is basically the drives were the takeaways for going to Pakistan--that those were the real drives--the ones that went in March, not the ones that were the decoys in April, that were left in the Rayburn office building
    • And that was the server's--that's how the trade occurred
    • It was on that caucus server--the drugs for weapons trade
    • The next thing was once got the servers--and the Sprayer home could have also been a place where people were were compromised
    • But then the next piece in in the whole thing is actually how do they do it?
    • And it was with these containers and
    • So we got down to the containers
    • And then how what goes into container?
    • So we really really got to a granular level with the cars--Alpha Jalloh ring to do all that
    • And everything else since that has been proving who with in Navy Intel have been the key people to put this whole thing together?
    • So I'll just leave it right there Taggarts a good guy
    • I think in Bethesda I remember I was in Bethesda, Maryland
    • And I almost said Taggarts role
    • And I held off, because I wanted to find out more about the people that were inside Navy Intel they we're actually running this
    • But I think you may know who who those people are already
    • But I'll just leave that for a more non XSTAR general logistics pay-sized version
  • Day 165.4. Saipov’s Mt Prospect Trucking - Near Blues Brothers Auto Auction - YouTube
    • It's day 165 here we are at beautiful Bussy Road
    • Go down to the end of this road on Bussy Road here in beautiful Mount Prospect
    • And you have the Mount Prospect auto auction of Blues Brothers Fame
    • Remember that Jake said we are on a mission from God
    • So the interesting thing about this is Saipov
    • Saipov truckers
    • They have a Saipov--the guy who ran down did the run down in Chelsea--ran over those five Argentinians
    • I think one of them was a nuclear scientist
    • The other one was that woman from Belgium the Belle from Belgium
    • We also have though sighs I've had a trucking company in Cincinnati trucking company
    • And car company in Cleveland car company here in Mount Prospect, Illinois close to Rahm Emanuel, close to Schneider, we're jan Schakowsky's district now
    • And of course one in Tampa
    • So the key here is chain migration and lottery: not such a good plan
    • The Saipov truckers? Not such a good plan
    • The Uzbekis--drugs going one way, weapons going the other, Uranium cover: not such a good idea
  • Day 166.1 Naugty NSA School Play Falling Apart - YouTube
    • It's day 166 part 1
    • And yesterday I revealed Andre Taggart is sort of a player in a Shakespearean play, if you will, covering the Awans, and the state support of the Awans spy ring in Congress, as well as Awan-Contra: the trading scheme for weapons and drugs in the Congress
    • Did they also have a sex ring in Congress, with all of the Awans beatings?
    • Well that's for another day
    • But certainly Taggart would have nothing to do with that
    • But the I am dubbing NNSA or the naught NSA as the key conspirator behind this, in much the same way we can say the revolt from the West at Tewkesbury 500 years ago was led by Richard the 3rd, I'm pinning this on Andrew McCabe, Hillary Clinton, and the NNSA
    • This is going to be a kind of a as we've said before kind of a power elite move
    • Its gonna be SAIC, key contractors like Lockheed, Northrop Grumman, doing major projects like Trailblazer at NSA Bill Binney Fame versus Thinthread, as well as Maritime Data Awareness applications like the application we singled out which was the Pandas, which which lines up well with Seth Rich in the Congress
    • You don't remember yesterday or the symbol first of all for NNSA
    • Here's I dubbed this this morning about four hours ago
    • And I talked about the different contractors involved in the NNSA
    • Now, I also created a playlist
    • So if you're not familiar with all the eleven or twelve different videos I've done on NSA
    • But the key here is Uranium under color-of-law with Uranium, now, I can trade anything below
    • And it provides me kind of the same sort of drayage that it provided the British Navy
    • Don't tell me what's of below decks just tell me how much it weighs and give me my commission for transporting it
    • And I do believe that Navy Jack has kind of I'm not going to say manipulated Crowdsource the Truth
    • But I do believe it has been sort of an information operation since the beginning to put the lid on this NNSA activity
    • I think the folks there knew that this would eventually come out if the crowd dug in on it
    • And there's been all kinds of diversionary tactics
    • But I think yesterday, Navy Jack threw the towel in
    • And now, he's trying to do anonymous strikes
    • So I won't say who Navy jack is specifically, but there are a few Navy Jack's out there
    • And specifically I think what they want to bury as this Andre Taggart interview in this Laurel Everly interview
    • Because it flies directly in the face it flies directly in the face of the truth and
    • But they give away key facts that unravel this whole NNSA pay-to-play scheme
    • I think also all of the anywhere you see those routers that at the Sprayer house that Jason filmed are going to be important as well
    • So I do believe the NNSA is trying to shut it down
    • Whether that's a Navy Jack or not we don't know for sure
    • But here's another article that came out that said, "oh by the way we all signed a slip a paper that advocated our rights of checking out and vetting The Awans in this scheme"
    • It's obvious that once a spy ringin Congress and also arms for drugs trading ring in Congress has state support and
    • So after the fact these 44 different Democrats are gonna say, "oh, but there was a piece of paper that we could sign that have been abdicated all our responsibilities in terms of vetting, because Debbie Wasserman-Schultz said so"
    • And I think we're hot on the trail of all the pieces of this network
    • They brought in these Uzbeki truckers to ship this stuff around here in Chicago--where I am in Mount prospect--was just one of the many trucking companies two in Ohio, one in New Jersey, in Paterson, New Jersey; one in Tampa, Florida as you can see here
    • So eventually with research this will all come to light
    • And that's why I think they want NNSA wants to bury these buried these films of Andre Taggart
    • So that's where we are today
    • I just want to say that I think we're hot on the trail
    • The metadata leads me to believe more than ever that we will put the pieces of the puzzle together even if we don't get certain documents from the court
  • Rosemont Casino - Bring Out Your Hawala and Your Dead - YouTube
    • Beautiful day 166 this is part two here at the Rosemont casino
    • And I just want to show you if you just recently had a sniper incident where an unfortunate person died at your hands you could bring the body here
    • And I'll show you how far you have to go to turn the body in to get five thousand dollars in chips here at the Rosemont casino
    • And I'm not kidding
    • If you look up Bioresource Center
    • And this is a show we did a long time ago I think it might have been over a year ago
    • We talked about there was prisoners at Holman square down south of Chicago down by the United Center where the Bulls used to play
    • That was a key place for bringing in--just as Christopher Steele does liaison operations, Intelligence operations in the United States for the FBI, we do liaison operations for other countries here in the United States for them
    • So we torture prisoners here for other countries
    • Again, that eludes their rules about informing their oversight bodies about operations
    • So if you don't remember what a liaison operation was: it's a way of avoiding the reporting that's in our Constitution about talking to the gang of eight, which is four people from the Congress on the Senate side, four people in the Congress on the on the side of the Senate
    • Two Senators from each party, two Congressmen from each party
    • But literally right there village of Rosemont is where BioResource Recovery Center was
    • Now, I'd only have to walk a little bit further down under that bridge to actually go to the USDA facility
    • Now, the USDA facility--if you recall--is where what we had right next to our our Gülen schools
    • I can't remember--they usually give a a name like Wisdom schools or Affinity schools or--Great Clocks by Kids Schools--they give them some kind of lofty name which is fine
    • But if you remember my visit there we basically had a lot of great teachers
    • So that they can farm the money through, and launder the money through
    • It's always great it's like a union you can always farm the money through gangsters love unions lots of workers lots of paychecks
    • But then you have one guy who can sue who's an English teacher from Turkey or some country like that: usually Turkey
    • And he is the interpreter
    • And then you got one guy in the back that cannot speak a word of English
    • And I call him the Halal money changer
    • So right behind me is O'Hare Airport
    • And literally all day he does is just count out Halal
    • Now, what comes into this you a facility here?
    • Well fruits and vegetables and also meat perishables things that could carry insects etc or food borne viruses
    • So they need to be irradiated
    • They need to make a trip to Ames, Iowa
    • So if you don't remember that part of our trip, you can go back and look at that
    • USDA
    • Now, I did
    • (I hope I don't get a copyright strike on the parking lot music)
    • I did interview a USDA person, and it turns out they loan a lot of money now to women farmers and also minority farmers
    • They want to get women started in farming and minority farmers
    • This turns out to be extremely difficult to get an American a loan
    • But very simple if you're from a different country
    • I know that's gonna us I know how hard that is gonna be for people to believe
    • Again, ninety nine point five percent of the people in USDA doing a great job
    • I only need to compromise 0.5%
  • Day 166.3. Delivering Imran’s Bitcoin To Rahm From O’Hare - YouTube
    • Day 166 part 3
    • I've now, made it from the airport with all the Halal cash
    • And the hawala you can see the armored car here I'm bout ready to take it in to Rahm Emanuel here at City Hall behind me
    • But before I do that because it's all Bitcoin now, it's all on hard drives, it's all on Imran's hard drive
    • So there's literally terabytes worth of Bitcoin
    • So makes it easier than the old days where you needed a big Brinks truck I still like to ride in the Brinks truck
    • But as you remember from the movie The Blues Brothers
    • You've got the Picasso here looks like it's a different color
    • Maybe this isn't the Picasso? Maybe--the I thought the Picasso was across the street from City Hall anyway
    • Well we'll go over there and find out if it's a Picasso or not
    • Maybe they replaced the Picasso
    • This is the scene where all the police cars pile up the Chicago police cars the Chicago's finest over there as you can see I do believe this is Richard Mary Daly square if it's not that I've just made a mistake
    • But as you can see now, all I need is hard drives to take Bitcoin to Pakistan
    • And I'm saying that probably happened on the 7th of March
    • And I picked up where I found the decoy about a month later with Andre Taggart
    • And now, of course I've exposed Taggart, because I see them shutting down the channel
    • I see I think there's foul play--in the runs--rotten in the state of Denmark, something rotten in the state of Denmark as Hamlet would say
    • So if that isn't Picasso then I don't know what is
    • But I do think there's something rotten in the state of Denmark
    • And they're shutting down Jason's channel we have to get all those interviews
    • And phone calls from Taggart before they go away as--44 different Democrats, maybe up to 50 waved, doing a background check on Imran Awan
    • And all the conspirators Lisa Maria Bartiromo says it's the biggest story of the year that's not been covered
    • The biggest uncover story of the year the story is breaking now and you're live to see it here in Chicago
    • And just I want to say hi to Rahm
    • Bole di Juggies is doing great, Rahm
    • I got all the Bitcoin: we got it all!
    • We got it all baby, nobody stopped us: Andy didn't stop us at the airport: we got it all
submitted by 911bodysnatchers322 to TruthLeaks [link] [comments]

Reddit (stylized as reddit, /ˈrɛdɪt/)[5] is a social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website. Reddit's registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links.

Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits". The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others. The site's terms of use prohibit behaviors such as harassment, and moderating and limiting harassment has taken substantial resources.[6]
As of 2016, Reddit had 542 million monthly visitors (234 million unique users), ranking #11 most visited web-site in US and #25 in the world.[7] Across 2015, Reddit saw 82.54 billion pageviews, 73.15 million submissions, 725.85 million comments, and 6.89 billion upvotes from its users.[8]
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder.[9] Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014, Reddit raised $50 million in a funding round led by Sam Altman and including investors Marc Andreessen, Peter Thiel, Ron Conway, Snoop Dogg, and Jared Leto.[10] Their investment saw the company valued at $500 million.[11][12]
Contents
1 Description 1.1 Site 1.2 Users 1.3 Subreddits 1.3.1 IAmA and AMA 1.3.2 /science 1.3.3 April Fools subreddits 1.3.3.1 The Button 1.3.3.2 Robin 2 History 3 Technology 4 Demographics 5 Community and culture 5.1 Philanthropic efforts 5.2 Commercial activity 5.3 Reddit effect 5.4 "Restoring Truthiness" campaign 5.5 Controversies 5.5.1 2010 5.5.2 2011 5.5.3 2013 5.5.4 2014 5.5.5 2015 5.5.6 2016 6 Other 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
Description Site
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it", i.e., "I read it on Reddit."[13] The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 49 such categories, or "default subreddits", are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2016, these include:[14] Category Subreddits Educational News, Science, Space, DataIsBeautiful, TodayILearned, WorldNews Entertainment Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television, Videos Discussion-based AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, History, IAmA, TwoXChromosomes Humolight-hearted Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, TIFU, UpliftingNews Image sharing Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, PhotoshopBattles, Pics Self-improvement DIY, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy, WritingPrompts Technology Futurology, Gadgets Meta Announcements, Blog
Note: There are over 11,400 active subreddits[15][16][17] with a default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. 
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, the users, called "redditors",[18] can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count.[19] Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
The site's logo and mascot is a line drawing of an alien nicknamed "Snoo". Subreddits often use themed variants of Snoo relevant to the subject.[20]
Although most of the site functions like a bulletin board or message board, each subreddit has the option of having an associated wiki that can provide supplementary material like instructions, recommended reading, or collaboration for real-life events. Users
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. As of June 2015, there were 36 million user accounts.[21] When logged in, Reddit users (known as redditors) have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015, the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers.[22] Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" – indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content).[23] Users earn "post karma" and "comment karma" for submitting text posts, link posts, and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. "Post karma" refers to karma points received from text and link posts, while "comment karma" refers to karma points received from comments. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high quality content; this process is known as "gilding." Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.[24]
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts previously did not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but as of July, 2016, these text only posts generate karma.[25] Mister Splashy Pants logo used on November 27, 2007
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a humpback whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.[26]
Within the site, redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.[27] Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services. The Reddit community also socializes at meetups held at local parks and bars around the world,[28] and many localized subreddits for local in-person meetings exist. Subreddits
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Originally, the front page was the "main-reddit", and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no longer a single main-reddit. Instead, there are now 50 "default subreddits" dealing with topics such as books, television, and music, and thousands of additional non-default subreddits. The default subreddits are the 50 subreddits which are first recommended to new users to select from to appear on, or via their customizable top menu bars. All new users are initially automatically "subscribed to" the 50 default subreddits, but can then customize their "subscriptions."
Any registered user who has maintained an account for 31 days or more may create a non-default subreddit.[29] There are over 11,400 active total subreddits to peruse,[15][16][17] including the default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. The site has a default "Front Page" which contains staff selected popular articles, and also an "All Page" which contains only the very top ranked article/ subreddits as ranked by readers themselves, and which page is accessible via an "All" link at the top of the "Front Page."
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".[30] IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" (for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.[31] From 2013 to 2015, Victoria Taylor assisted reddit's volunteer community in presenting interviews.[32][33][34]
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama[35][36] (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl,[37] Madonna,[38] Chris Hadfield[39] (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates,[40] Ron Paul,[41] Stephen Colbert,[42] Psy, Enya, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye,[43] Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole,[44] Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz,[45] Amanda Palmer,[46] Tim Ferriss,[47] Gordon Ramsay,[48] Peter Dinklage,[49] Chandra Wickramasinghe,[50] Neil deGrasse Tyson,[51] and Bernie Sanders.[52] Donald Trump (during his 2016 Presidential Campaign) had an AMA on /The Donald subreddit.[53] As of April 2015, Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site;[54] the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.[55]
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's[56] AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting.[57] In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views[58] after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.[59]
Other than Harrelson's, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's[60] AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage,[61] best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting:
This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material...I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.[62] 
On July 2, 2015, hundreds of subreddits, including several with over a million subscribers, were set to private by their respective moderators after Reddit's director of talent, Victoria Taylor, was dismissed.[63][64][65][66] Sources close to Reddit cited an increased focus on commercializing AMAs as the most likely reason.[67][68] /science File:American Chemical Society - What Chemists Do - Nathan Allen.webmPlay media Nathan Allen speaks about /science to the American Chemical Society Main article: /science
/science is an Internet forum on Reddit where the community of participants discuss science topics.[69] A popular feature of the forum is "Ask me Anything" (AMA) public discussions.[69] As of 2014, /science attracted 30,000-100,000 visitors per day, making it the largest community-managed science forum and an attractive place to host discussions.[69] April Fools subreddits The Button Main article: The Button (Reddit)
On April Fools' Day 2015, a social experiment was launched in the form of a subreddit called "thebutton". It featured a button and a 60-second countdown timer. User accounts created before that day were eligible to participate. A user could only ever click the button once, or opt not to click it. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[70] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. Colors were assigned based on a gradient from purple to red with purple signifying up to 60 seconds and red as low as 0 seconds. The countdown prematurely reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[71] Robin
On April Fools' Day 2016, a social experiment was launched in the form of a chat widget named Robin. After clicking the "Robin" button, an IRC-like chat window was initially opened with one other redditor and giving a certain time to pick between three options, "Grow," "Stay" and "Abandon".[72] "Grow" would join the chat with another group, "Stay" would close the group chat and create a subreddit with that group as moderators and "Abandon" would close the group chat and everyone goes back to a group of two. History Further information: Timeline of Reddit Co-founder Alexis Ohanian speaking in 2009
In June 2005,[73] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[74] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[75][76] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[77] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[78]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[79] David King,[80] and Mike Schiraldi.[81] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[82] and King[83] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[84] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[85] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[86]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[87] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[88] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[89] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[90]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[91] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[92] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[93][94]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[95] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[96] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox. Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[97] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[98] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[99] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[100]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[101] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[102] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[103]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[104] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[105] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[106] Andreddit,[107] F5, BaconReader,[108] Reddit Sync[109] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[110] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[111] and Reddit To Go!.[112] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[113] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[114] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[115] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[116] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[117] Demographics
According to Reddit's Audience and Demographics page, as of December 2015, 53% of redditors are male and 54% are from the United States.[118] In 2013 Pewinternet.org stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit; that males were twice as likely to be redditors as females were; and that Reddit's largest age bracket was between the ages of 18 and 29.[119] Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[120] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[121] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[122]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[123] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness. Philanthropic efforts
Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[124][125] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[126] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[127] cross-promoting[128] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[129] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[130] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[131] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[132][133][134] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[135] Several Celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[136] and Snoop Dogg.[137] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[138] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[139] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[140] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[141][142][143] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[144][145] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[146] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[147] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[148] In response to the 2015 Nepal Earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[149] 
Commercial activity
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[150] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[151][152][153][154] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[155] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[156] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[157][158] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[159][160] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[161]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[162] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[163] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[164] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[165]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016.[166] Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[167] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website. "Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[168] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[169] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[170] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[171]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[172] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[173]
See also
General
Crowdsourcing Internet culture PTT Bulletin Board System Social bookmarking Unidan Web 2.0 iconInternet portal 
Similar websites
Delicious Digg Diigo Fark Imzy Kuro5hin MetaFilter StumbleUpon Voat 
submitted by NERDSLAYER_Y2K to Negareddit [link] [comments]

Second.

Reddit (stylized as reddit, /ˈrɛdɪt/)[5] is an American social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website. Reddit's registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links. Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits". The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others. The site's terms of use prohibit behaviors such as harassment, and moderating and limiting harassment has taken substantial resources.[6]
As of 2017, Reddit had 542 million monthly visitors (234 million unique users), ranking #7 most visited web-site in US and #22 in the world.[7] Across 2015, Reddit saw 82.54 billion pageviews, 73.15 million submissions, 725.85 million comments, and 6.89 billion upvotes from its users.[8]
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder.[9] Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014, Reddit raised $50 million in a funding round led by Sam Altman and including investors Marc Andreessen, Peter Thiel, Ron Conway, Snoop Dogg, and Jared Leto.[10] Their investment saw the company valued at $500 million.[11][12]
Contents
1 Description 1.1 Site 1.2 Users 1.3 Subreddits 1.3.1 IAmA and AMA 1.3.2 /science 1.3.3 April Fools subreddits 1.3.3.1 The Button 1.3.3.2 Robin 2 History 3 Technology 4 Demographics 5 Community and culture 5.1 Philanthropic efforts 5.2 Commercial activity 5.3 Reddit effect 5.4 "Restoring Truthiness" campaign 5.5 Controversies 5.5.1 2010 5.5.2 2011 5.5.3 2013 5.5.4 2014 5.5.5 2015 5.5.6 2016 5.5.7 2017 6 Other 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
Description Site
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it", i.e., "I read it on Reddit."[13] The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 49 such categories, or "default subreddits", are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2016, these include:[14] Category Subreddits Educational News, Science, Space, DataIsBeautiful, TodayILearned, WorldNews Entertainment Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television, Videos Discussion-based AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, History, IAmA, TwoXChromosomes Humolight-hearted Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, TIFU, UpliftingNews Image sharing Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, PhotoshopBattles, Pics Self-improvement DIY, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy, WritingPrompts Technology Futurology, Gadgets Meta Announcements, Blog
Note: There are over 11,400 active subreddits[15][16][17] with a default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. 
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, the users, called "redditors",[18] can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count.[19] Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
The site's logo and its mascot is a line drawing of an alien nicknamed "Snoo". Subreddits often use themed variants of Snoo relevant to the subject.[20]
Although most of the site functions like a bulletin board or message board, each subreddit has the option of having an associated wiki that can provide supplementary material like instructions, recommended reading, or collaboration for real-life events. Users
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. As of June 2015, there were 36 million user accounts.[21] When logged in, Reddit users (known as redditors) have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015, the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers.[22] Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" – indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content).[23] Users earn "post karma" and "comment karma" for submitting text posts, link posts, and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. "Post karma" refers to karma points received from text and link posts, while "comment karma" refers to karma points received from comments. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high-quality content; this process is known as "gilding." Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.[24]
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts previously did not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but as of July, 2016, these text-only posts generate karma.[25] Mister Splashy Pants logo used on November 27, 2007
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a humpback whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.[26]
Within the site, redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.[27] Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services. The Reddit community also socializes at meetups held at local parks and bars around the world,[28] and many localized subreddits for local in-person meetings exist. Subreddits
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Originally, the front page was the "main-reddit", and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no longer a single main-reddit. Instead, there are now 50 "default subreddits" dealing with topics such as books, television, and music, and thousands of additional non-default subreddits. The default subreddits are the 50 subreddits which are first recommended to new users to select from to appear on, or via their customizable top menu bars. All new users are initially automatically "subscribed to" the 50 default subreddits, but can then customize their "subscriptions."
Any registered user who has maintained an account for 31 days or more may create a non-default subreddit.[29] There are over 11,400 active total subreddits to peruse,[15][16][17] including the default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. The site has a default "Front Page" which contains staff selected popular articles, and also an "All Page" which contains only the very top ranked article/ subreddits as ranked by readers themselves, and which page is accessible via an "All" link at the top of the "Front Page."
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".[30] IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" (for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.[31] From 2013 to 2015, Victoria Taylor assisted reddit's volunteer community in presenting interviews.[32][33][34]
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama[35][36] (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl,[37] Madonna,[38] Chris Hadfield[39] (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates,[40] Ron Paul,[41] Stephen Colbert,[42] Psy, Enya, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Robin Williams,[43] Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye,[44] Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Michael Moore, Spike Lee, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole,[45] Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz,[46] Amanda Palmer,[47] Tim Ferriss,[48] Gordon Ramsay,[49] Peter Dinklage,[50] Chandra Wickramasinghe,[51] Neil deGrasse Tyson,[52] and Bernie Sanders.[53] Donald Trump (during his 2016 Presidential Campaign) had an AMA on /The Donald subreddit.[54] As of April 2015, Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site;[55] the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.[56]
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's[57] AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting.[58] In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views[59] after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.[60]
Other than Harrelson's, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's[61] AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage,[62] best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting:
This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material...I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.[63] 
On July 2, 2015, hundreds of subreddits, including several with over a million subscribers, were set to private by their respective moderators after Reddit's director of talent, Victoria Taylor, was dismissed.[64][65][66][67] Sources close to Reddit cited an increased focus on commercializing AMAs as the most likely reason.[68][69] /science File:American Chemical Society - What Chemists Do - Nathan Allen.webmPlay media Nathan Allen speaks about /science to the American Chemical Society Main article: /science
/science is an Internet forum on Reddit where the community of participants discuss science topics.[70] A popular feature of the forum is "Ask me Anything" (AMA) public discussions.[70] As of 2014, /science attracted 30,000–100,000 visitors per day, making it the largest community-managed science forum and an attractive place to host discussions.[70] April Fools subreddits The Button Main article: The Button (Reddit)
On April Fools' Day 2015, a social experiment was launched in the form of a subreddit called "thebutton". It featured a button and a 60-second countdown timer. User accounts created before that day were eligible to participate. A user could only ever click the button once, or opt not to click it. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[71] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. Colors were assigned based on a gradient from purple to red with purple signifying up to 60 seconds and red as low as 0 seconds. The countdown prematurely reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[72] Robin
On April Fools' Day 2016, a social experiment was launched in the form of a chat widget named Robin. After clicking the "Robin" button, an IRC-like chat window was initially opened with one other redditor and giving a certain time to pick between three options, "Grow," "Stay" and "Abandon".[73] "Grow" would join the chat with another group, "Stay" would close the group chat and create a subreddit with that group as moderators and "Abandon" would close the group chat and everyone goes back to a group of two. History Further information: Timeline of Reddit Co-founder Alexis Ohanian speaking in 2009
In June 2005,[74] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[75] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[76][77] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[78] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[79]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[80] David King,[81] and Mike Schiraldi.[82] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[83] and King[84] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[85] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[86] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[87]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[88] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[89] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[90] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[91]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[92] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[93] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[94][95]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[96] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[97] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox. Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[98] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[99] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[100] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[101]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[102] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[103] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[104]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[105] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[106] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[107] Andreddit,[108] F5, BaconReader,[109] Reddit Sync[110] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[111] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[112] and Reddit To Go!.[113] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[114] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[115] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[116] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[117] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[118] Demographics
According to Reddit's Audience and Demographics page, as of December 2015, 53% of redditors are male and 54% are from the United States.[119] In 2013, Pewinternet stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit; that males were twice as likely to be redditors as females were; and that Reddit's largest age bracket was between the ages of 18 and 29.[120] As of the end of 2016, Reddit is the only major social media platform that does not have a female majority user base.[121] Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[122] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[123] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[124]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[125] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness. Philanthropic efforts
Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[126][127] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[128] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[129] cross-promoting[130] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[131] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[132] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[133] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[134][135][136] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[137] Several celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[138] and Snoop Dogg.[139] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[140] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[141] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[142] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[143][144][145] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[146][147] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[148] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[149] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[150] In response to the 2015 Nepal earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[151] 
Commercial activity
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[152] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[153][154][155][156] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[157] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[158] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[159][160] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[161][162] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[163]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[164] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[165] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[166] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[167]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016.[168] Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[169] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website. "Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade satirist Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[170] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[171] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[172] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[173]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[174] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[175] Controversies See also: Controversial Reddit communities and Michael Brutsch
The website generally lets moderators on individual subreddits make editorial decisions about what content to allow, and has a history of permitting some subreddits dedicated to controversial content.[176] Many of the default pages are highly moderated, with the "science" subreddit banning climate change denialism,[177] and the "news" subreddit banning opinion pieces and columns.[178] Reddit has changed its site-wide editorial policies several times, sometimes in reaction to controversies.[179][180][181][182] Reddit has had a history of giving a platform to objectionable but legal content, and in 2011, news media covered the way that jailbait was being shared on the site before the site changed their policies to explicitly ban "suggestive or sexual content featuring minors".[183] Following some controversial incidents of Internet vigilantism, Reddit introduced a strict rule against the publication of non-public personally-identifying information via the site (colloquially known as doxxing). Those who break the rule are subject to a site-wide ban, and their posts and even entire communities may be removed for breaking the rule. 2010
On December 16, 2010, a redditor named Matt posted a link describing how he has donated a kidney, and included a JustGive link to encourage users to give donations to the American Cancer Society.[184] After an initially positive reaction, Reddit users began to become suspicious of Matt's intentions, and suggested that he was keeping the donations for himself. Users telephoned his home and he received death threats. Matt eventually proved that he was genuine by uploading his doctor's records.[185] 2011
On October 18, 2011, an IT manager submitted a post to the subreddit "gameswap" offering Redditors to trade one of 312 codes he had been given for the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution.[186] A group of users obtained his personal details, and began to blackmail him for the codes.[187] The Monday after uploading the post, he received 138 threatening phone calls both at home and at his job, and by the end of the day he had been fired.[188] 2013
Following the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, Reddit faced criticism after users wrongly identified a number of people as suspects.[189] Notable among misidentified bombing suspects was Sunil Tripathi, a student reported missing before the bombings took place. A body reported to be Sunil's was found in Providence River in Rhode Island on April 25, 2013, according to Rhode Island Health Department. The cause of death was not immediately known, but authorities said they did not suspect foul play.[190] The family later confirmed Tripathi's death was a result of suicide.[191] Reddit general manager Martin later issued an apology for this behavior, criticizing the "online witch hunts and dangerous speculation" that took place on the website.[192] The incident was later referenced in the season 5 episode of the CBS TV series The Good Wife titled "Whack-a-Mole,"[193] as well as The Newsroom.[194][195]
In late October 2013, the moderators of the "politics" subreddit banned a large group of websites. Many were left wing opinion websites, such as Mother Jones, The Huffington Post, Salon, Alternet, Rawstory, The Daily Kos, Truthout, Media Matters, and ThinkProgress as well as some popular progressive blog sites, such as Democratic Underground and Crooks and Liars. They also banned a number of right wing sites—Drudge Report, Breitbart, The Daily Caller, Dailypaul, Power Line, and Reason. Salon reported that "the section's moderators explained in a post on Tuesday, the goal is 'to reduce the number of blogspam submissions and sensationalist titles.' The purge, the moderators explained, is also aimed at sites that provide lots of "bad journalism."[196] The December 2013 list of banned websites has been modified since late October, and sites with original content, such as Mother Jones and The Huffington Post, are allowed.[197] Moderators also banned RT, which moderators stated was due to vote manipulation and spam, though one moderator stated that he wanted RT banned because it is Kremlin backed.[198][199] 2014
In August 2014, photos from the 2014 celebrity photo hack were widely disseminated across the site.[200][201] A dedicated subreddit, "TheFappening," was created for this purpose,[202] and contained links to most if not all of the criminally obtained explicit images.[203][204][205][206][207] Some images of Liz Lee and McKayla Maroney from the leak were identified by redditors and outside commentators as child pornography because the photos were taken when the women were underage.[208] The subreddit was banned on September 6.[209] The scandal led to wider criticisms concerning the website's administration from The Verge and The Daily Dot.[210][211]
Also in August 2014, moderators and administrators censored a sizeable amount of content related to the GamerGate controversy; one thread in the "gaming" subreddit had almost 24,000 comments removed.[212] Multiple subreddits were deleted by administrators for voicing opinions on Zoe Quinn, Anita Sarkeesian, Brianna Wu and similarly important GamerGate controversy figures.[213] The subreddit "ZoeQuinnDiscussion" was banned for violating the Reddit rules.[214] Administrators defended this response when questioned, blaming 4chan for raiding threads and causing harm. This was debated by some redditors.[215] An anonymous subreddit moderator claims he was removed for leaking correspondence between himself and Zoe Quinn.[216] On December 18, 2014, Reddit took the unusual step of banning a subreddit, "SonyGOP," that was being used to distribute hacked Sony files.[217] 2015
After Ellen Pao became CEO, she was initially a target of criticism by users who objected to her lawsuit.[218] Later on June 10, 2015, Reddit shut down the 150,000-subscriber "fatpeoplehate" subreddit and four others citing issues related to harassment.[219] This move was seen as very controversial; some commenters said that the bans went too far, while others said that the bans did not go far enough.[220] One of the latter complaints concerned a subreddit that was "expressing support" for the perpetrator of the Charleston church shooting.[221] Responding to the accusations of "skewed enforcement", Reddit reaffirmed their commitment to free expression and stated that "There are some subreddits with very little viewership that get highlighted repeatedly for their content, but those are a tiny fraction of the content on the site."
On July 2, 2015, Reddit began experiencing a series of blackouts as moderators set popular subreddit communities to private, in an event dubbed "AMAgeddon," a portmanteau of AMA ("ask me anything") and Armageddon. This was done in protest of the recent firing of Victoria Taylor, an administrator who helped organize citizen-led interviews with famous people on the popular "Ask me Anything" subreddit. Organizers of the blackout also expressed resentment about the recent severance of the communication between Reddit and the moderators of subreddits.[222] The blackout intensified on July 3 when former community manager David Croach gave an AMA about being fired. Before deleting his posts, he stated that Ellen Pao dismissed him with one year of health coverage when he had cancer and did not recover quickly enough.[223][224] Following this, a Change.org petition to remove Pao as CEO of Reddit Inc. reached over 200,000 signatures.[225][226][227] Pao posted a response on July 3 as well as an extended version of it on July 6 in which she apologized for bad communication and not delivering on promises. She also apologized on behalf of the other administrators and noted that problems already existed over the past several years.[228][229][230][231] On July 10, Pao resigned as CEO and was replaced by former CEO and co-founder Steve Huffman.[94][232]
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Ron Paul: Federal Reserve counterfeits money Ron Paul Interview Part 1 of 6 Ron Paul warns against Libya intervention Ron Paul: China Bans Bitcoin Again -- Bitcoin the Movie -- Startup for Startups Raises 2,000 BTC

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Ron Paul: Federal Reserve counterfeits money

From the creators of the infamous "ArchieLuxury" Channel comes something very special! The Paul Pluta Prestige Channel. Luxury Goods presented by the world a... Ron Paul: "Whistleblowers Are Heroic" - Well So Are You Good Sir! Press For Truth. Loading... Unsubscribe from Press For Truth? Cancel Unsubscribe. Working... Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 257K ... Ron Paul in Town Hall Forum. Part 1 of 6-----Relevant keywords: Ron Paul Interview Jon Stewart Daily Show Iraq Rudy Giuliani Thompson Terrorism Republican Debate Conservative Freedom Constitution ... 2014 Bitcoin Costume Contest! Vote for your favorites! http://www.worldcryptonetwork.com/2014/05/2014-bitcoin-costume-contest.html Join the MadBitcoins Patre... Digital currencies are generating a lot of excitement. John Oliver enlists Keegan-Michael Key to get potential investors equally excited about the concept of...

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